(i) Teaching right attitude: students must understand that right attitudes and wrong attitudes are
(ii) To encourage good citizenship: civic education exposes students and general public to various ways of achieving community and national development.
(iii) To teach good leadership and followership: leaders should be role models for the society to follow
(iv) To promote religious tolerance:the need to respect other people’s religion is taught in civic education
(v) To encourage spirit of friendship and cooperation: civic education promotes the spirit of friendship. cooperation,harmonious relationship,religious tolerance etc


inter personal relationships are the mutual, reciprocal relationships or relatedness between and among people in the community

-listening skills


Poverty is general scarcity, dearth, or the state of one who lacks a certain amount of material possessions or money

(i) Acquisition of skills: Government should embark on skills acquisition programmes because it provides knowledge and inculcates the attitudes that are necessary for entrance and progress into an occupation.
(ii) Education: Government should provide people with educational requirements and also give free education and scholarships to the less privileged.
(iii) Granting of loans: Government should grant loans to individuals that are really serious and eager to start up a business venture or grant loans to farmers to enable them make a large scale production which will require manpower thereby providing employment opportunities
(iv) Creation of industries: Government should create more industries to employ unemployed individuals.
(v) Good governance: Government should apply zero tolerance to corruptions in order to achieve a free-poverty nation.


(i) Electoral fraud: this manifests itself in an area such as figure manipulations,rigging,ballot snatching,
(ii) Bribery and corruption: this is common among electoral officers and electorate
(iii) Sentiments,nepotism and tribalism: instead of electing in Nigeria on merit, it is usually based on sentiment, religious bias, ethnicity etc
(iv) Rigging during election: this takes many forms in terms of snatching of ballot boxes, manipulation of figures, intimidation of voters, bribery of officials etc
(v) Lack of political education: lack of proper political education, awareness and social mobilization among electorate.


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