CIVIC EDUCATION ANSWERS

EXAM TIME: Wednesday 8th June
CIVIC EDUCATION (obj and essay) 10:00am-1:30pm
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(1)
-Life Coping Skills
-Manipulative Skills
-Intellectual Skills
-Communicative Skills
-Artistic Skills

Explanations:
(i) Life Coping Skills: These are natural skills which every organism including man, acquires from birth to adapt fittingly in his or its environment. They are survival Instincts or skills. They are natural things we do to survive, avert dander and assert our individuality, e.g., crude farming, running on an errand, hunting, learning to make shelter, fishing, obeying laws and authorities, avoiding conflicts, etc
(ii) Manipulative Skills: These skills are seen in skills acquisition centres as it involves economic activities that inculcate skills such as technical education. Computer, field events, mining, manufacturing, technological works, scientific experiments, construction, engineering, productive ventures, gadgets and machine manipulations (whether digital or analogue), building, wielding, carpentry, mechanics etc.
(iii) Intellectual Skills: These skills are coordinates in character. It is the literary or theoretical frameworks that guide the practical aspects of the works, economic and scientific undertakings. In the primary sense, it is called brain work. Without the intellectual skills, no other skills can function as they are the master minds, motivators and co-coordinators.
(iv) Communicative Skills : Communication is a very important aspect of our life. Man evolved communications skills as a social being to enable him pass or send information from one person to the other or from place to place. Communicative skills assist the intellectual skills to be expressed adequately and specifically.
(v) Artistic Skills: These are close to communicative skills and are more complex. Includes they art of good writing, fine and applied arts, music and drama. These skills make effective use of all the other four kinds of skills where necessary

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(2a)
Responsible parenthood means the ability of a parent to take adequate responsibility of the needs of their child/children
, as well as, other members of the family.

(2b)
(i) Providing for the household financial needs: It is the responsibility of the parents (most especially the father) to look for money to keep the family.
(ii) Caring for the family: The parents (father and mother) must prove that they are responsible by caring so well for the children.
(iii) Giving the children education: Responsible parents are expected to give the children qualitative education at home and school.
(iv) Accommodation: It is the duty of the parents to provide accommodation for their children.
(v) Cultural training: Responsible parents are expected to train their children cultural heritage. Let them know the customs and traditions of your people.

(2c)
(i) Right of liberty
(ii) Right to vote and to be voted for
(iii) Right to freedom of speech

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(3a)
-AIDS stands for Acquired Immune
Deficiency syndrome.
-HIV: Human Immunodeficiency Virus.

(3b)
(i) HIV increases the risk of colds, influenza, and pneumonias.
(ii) Without preventive treatment, people with advanced HIV are susceptible to tuberculosis, pneumonia, and a disease called pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP). PCP causes trouble breathing, cough, and fever.
(iii) HIV/AIDS raises the risk of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). PAH is a type of high blood pressure in the arteries that supply the lungs.
(iv) It affect the cells that support and surround nerves in the brain and throughout the body.
(v) A weakened immune response leaves you more vulnerable to viruses like herpes. Herpes can cause you to develop sores around your mouth or genitals.

(3c)
(i) Avoid unprotected sex.
(ii) Limit your number of sexual partners.
(iii) Get tested and know your partner’s HIV status.

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(6)
(i) Voting: In a democracy voting is the single most important form of political participation because it can ensure that politicians are elected by the people
(ii) Protest: This is a way by which a group of people make their opinions known in a very obvious way with the hope of initiating change
(iii) Public consultations: It offers the ordinary of citizens the chance to get together in group with an elected official to make this opinions known
(iv) Jury duty: It ensures that people who are charged with a crime are judged by people like them,rather than allowing the outcome to depend entirely on a single person eg judge
(v) Donating money to a cause: This is when one donates money to a political cause to promote it.
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(8a)
Political apathy is the lack of interest in taking active politics either or voting or being voted for or having no share in political participation

(8b)
(i) Refusal to join a political party
(ii) Refusal to vote or voted for
(iii) Interest in bribery and corruption
(iv) Rigging of election

(8c)
(i) Defending the fundamental human rights of citizens
(ii) Making leaders accountable to the people who elected them
(iii) Inculcating civil rules
(iv) Establishing corrupt free electoral body that would acts as an impartial umpire in the electoral process

SECTION A
Answer TWO
(1) Identify and explain five types of youth empowerment skills
(2a) Define the term responsible parenthood
(b) Briefly explain five importance of responsible parenthood
(c) List three fundamental rights of Nigerian citizen
(3a) Write the full meaning of HIV/AIDS
(b) Explain five effects associated with HIV/AIDS infections
(c) List three preventive measures
(4) List and explain five behavioural warning signs exhibited by drug addicts

SECTION B
Answer any TWO
(5) Discuss five points that promote national consciousness, unity and integrity in Nigeria
(6) Mention and explain five ways of political participation
(7) Discuss five negative impacts associated with emergency rule
(8a) What is political apathy
(b) Mention five forms of political apathy
(c) List and explain four ways of discouraging political apathy.

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